Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the General Public of Western Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Background: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been continuously used worldwide. Various cultures have used this path of healing, and to our date, people are still using it and some even prefer it to modern medicine. Thus, this study aims to analyze awareness, self-use, perceptions, beliefs, and attitudes toward CAM in the general public of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A descriptive observational cross-sectional study was conducted in the public places of Jeddah. Data were collected from 784 participants using a self-administered paper-based questionnaire, and statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS).

Results: The majority of the population was aware of massage (91.8%), herbs (90.7%), nutritional supplements (89.8%), and prayers (88.1%). With regards to usage and effectiveness, prayers and spirituality is used by 75.5% of the population and considered to be the most effective by 76.0%. Respondents obtained information about CAM mostly from friends and relatives (76.6%), followed by media (67.2%), while lack of knowledge about CAM and lack of trained professionals are the most perceived barriers to CAM implementation. Data showed a significant association (p < 0.05) between gender, awareness, and self-use of CAM modalities. Yoga (44.2%) and herbs (72.6%) were mostly used by females, whereas males were mostly aware of cupping (90.4%) and cauterization (76.2%). Another significant association was found between the level of education, awareness, and self-use of CAM modalities indicating that those who were not educated were aware of and used cauterization the most, while those who went to college were more aware of yoga (75.4%). Lastly, having a relative in the healthcare field showed a significant association with awareness of yoga, prayers, and spirituality compared to other CAM modalities.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the present study revealed that the majority of the Western Saudi Arabian population was aware of several CAM modalities and practiced some form of CAM. However, awareness of specific types of CAM may relate to gender, educational level, and relationship to the medical field.

Introduction

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is the use of traditional or non-conventional medicine to treat certain diseases, especially chronic diseases. CAM includes practices that go along with standard medical care or substitute it completely. “Complementary” medicine can include combining a form of traditional medicine with a conventional one, for example, the use of acupuncture to help lessen some side effects of conventional medical treatment. Alternative medicine entails replacing standard medical care completely with a technique or approach not considered part of conventional medicine [1].

The use of CAM has been continuously growing worldwide among adults and children. In the United States, studies showed that the use of yoga, meditation, and chiropractors had increased approximately from 22% in 2012 to 38% in 2017 among adults, and from 7% to 17% among children during that period [2,3]. One of the hallmarks of CAM is the use of herbs for the treatment and prevention of several diseases. 87% of the counted global population’s diseases are treated by drugs that are plant-based [4]. There is

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CDC director warns vaccine misinformation is a general public overall health danger

A modest but growing measles outbreak in central Ohio has sickened at least 77 kids, practically all under age 5. The broad the greater part are either unvaccinated or have been given just one of the two advised doses of measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, according to Metropolis of Columbus General public Health.

Additional than a 3rd of the little ones have been hospitalized.

The outbreak, the premier in the U.S. given that 2019, is happening as resistance to school vaccination needs is spreading across the region.

On Friday, the Kaiser Family members Basis launched facts showing that 28% of adults surveyed this summer ended up from vaccination necessities for young ones getting into kindergarten, up from 16% in 2019.

The share of mom and dad who stated they ended up towards vaccination requirements for faculty was even better. This calendar year, 35% of surveyed mom and dad stated it ought to be up to moms and dads no matter whether to have their kids vaccinated, up from 23% in 2019.

“Which is a very considerable adjust in a few several years,” explained Lunna Lopes, a senior study analyst for KFF’s Public View and Study Investigation staff.

The primary driver of the raise has been the discussion in excess of vaccination mandates for the duration of the pandemic, Lopes claimed. The survey did not propose individuals stopped believing in the need to have for vaccines instead, the change mirrored a change in attitudes toward vaccination requirements to attend faculty.

KFF Covid-19

“It was the controversies and the local climate of Covid vaccines and the vaccine mandates that experienced an affect,” Lopes mentioned.

Tens of countless numbers of youngsters throughout the U.S. have by now fallen driving in vaccinations for conditions like measles, chickenpox or polio, a development that has been bubbling for a long time but accelerated for the duration of the pandemic.

Doctors’ appointments skipped for the duration of the 1st decades of Covid contributed to a dip in childhood vaccination fees, but it really is the onslaught of vaccine disinformation that continues to place younger young children at threat for preventable loss of life and ailment, Dr. Rochelle Walensky, the director of the Facilities of Disease Regulate and Prevention, informed NBC Information.

“As I consider about the issues that we have to community wellbeing, vaccine misinformation is among the the major threats,” she claimed.

The CDC is anticipated to release new knowledge on the amount of childhood vaccinations early upcoming 12 months. In its previous report, the selection of absolutely vaccinated children getting into kindergarten in the slide of 2020 fell by 1% when compared to the preceding yr.

It’s not just regimen vaccinations that have taken a hit.

Just 42% of kids beneath age 18 have experienced their flu photographs this year, in accordance to CDC facts. And the American Academy of Pediatrics mentioned the broad greater part of children ages 4 and younger — 90% — have not gotten the current Covid shot.

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How much health insurers pay for care is about to go public : Shots

The new rules will help people get upfront cost estimates for about 500 so-called “shoppable” services, meaning medical care they can schedule ahead of time.

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The new rules will help people get upfront cost estimates for about 500 so-called “shoppable” services, meaning medical care they can schedule ahead of time.

DNY59/Getty Images

Consumers, employers and just about everyone else interested in health care prices will soon get an unprecedented look at what insurers pay for care, perhaps helping answer a question that has long dogged those who buy insurance: Are we getting the best deal we can?

Starting July 1, health insurers and self-insured employers must post on websites just about every price they’ve negotiated with providers for health care services, item by item. About the only exclusion is the prices paid for prescription drugs, except those administered in hospitals or doctors’ offices.

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The federally required data release could affect future prices or even how employers contract for health care. Many will see for the first time how well their insurers are doing compared with others.

The new rules are far broader than those that went into effect last year requiring hospitals to post their negotiated rates for the public to see. Now insurers must post the amounts paid for “every physician in network, every hospital, every surgery center, every nursing facility,” said Jeffrey Leibach, a partner at the consulting firm Guidehouse.

“When you start doing the math, you’re talking trillions of records,” he said. The fines the federal government could impose for noncompliance are also heftier than the penalties that hospitals face.

Federal officials learned from the hospital experience and gave insurers more direction on what was expected, said Leibach. Insurers or self-insured employers could be fined as much as $100 a day for each violation and each affected enrollee if they fail to provide the data.

“Get your calculator out: All of a sudden you are in the millions pretty fast,” Leibach said.

Determined consumers, especially those with high-deductible health plans, may try to dig in right away and use the data to try comparing what they will have to pay at different hospitals, clinics, or doctor offices for specific services.

But each database’s enormous size may mean that most people “will find it very hard to use the data in a nuanced way,” said Katherine Baicker, dean of the University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy.

At least at first.

Entrepreneurs are expected to quickly translate the information into more user-friendly formats so it can be incorporated into new or existing services that estimate costs for patients. And starting Jan. 1, the rules require insurers to provide online tools that will help people get upfront cost estimates for about 500 so-called “shoppable” services, meaning medical care they can schedule ahead of time.

Once those things happen, “you’ll at least have the options in front of you,” said Chris Severn, CEO of Turquoise Health, an

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How Substantially Health and fitness Insurers Shell out for Virtually Anything Is About to Go General public

Shoppers, employers, and just about everybody else fascinated in health and fitness treatment costs will before long get an unprecedented look at what insurers pay back for treatment, possibly encouraging reply a dilemma that has very long dogged all those who invest in insurance: Are we acquiring the most effective offer we can?

As of July 1, wellness insurers and self-insured businesses ought to write-up on sites just about every cost they’ve negotiated with companies for well being care products and services, product by product. About the only point excluded are the prices compensated for prescription medicines, besides these administered in hospitals or doctors’ places of work.

The federally expected data launch could have an effect on potential prices or even how companies contract for health and fitness care. A lot of will see for the very first time how effectively their insurers are doing in contrast with other individuals.

The new principles are much broader than those people that went into outcome final yr demanding hospitals to submit their negotiated costs for the public to see. Now insurers need to write-up the amounts paid out for “every doctor in network, each individual hospital, every single surgical procedure heart, each individual nursing facility,” stated Jeffrey Leibach, a partner at the consulting firm Guidehouse.

“When you commence carrying out the math, you are speaking trillions of information,” he reported. The fines the federal authorities could impose for noncompliance are also heftier than the penalties that hospitals deal with.

Federal officers discovered from the hospital knowledge and gave insurers additional way on what was predicted, claimed Leibach. Insurers or self-insured employers could be fined as a lot as $100 a working day for every single violation, for every influenced enrollee if they fall short to present the facts.

“Get your calculator out: All of a unexpected you are in the hundreds of thousands very speedy,” Leibach said.

Decided people, specifically people with large-deductible wellbeing options, may possibly check out to dig in right away and use the facts to try evaluating what they will have to shell out at unique hospitals, clinics, or doctor workplaces for particular expert services.

But just about every database’s huge measurement may perhaps indicate that most individuals “will obtain it quite really hard to use the info in a nuanced way,” mentioned Katherine Baicker, dean of the University of Chicago Harris College of Community Plan.

At minimum at very first.

Business people are envisioned to rapidly translate the facts into additional person-welcoming formats so it can be included into new or current providers that estimate prices for people. And beginning Jan. 1, the policies call for insurers to give on line resources that will support men and women get upfront price estimates for about 500 so-identified as “shoppable” providers, indicating health-related care they can agenda ahead of time.

At the time these issues materialize, “you’ll at least have the options in entrance of you,” claimed Chris Severn, CEO of

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General public encouraged to watch air high quality | Health and Conditioning

With spring burning year underway, the Lincoln-Lancaster County Well being Section (LLCHD) encourages area people to observe the Air Excellent Index (AQI) to establish if ranges of smoke in the air are harmful.

About the future six to 8 weeks, smoke from managed burning across the Flint Hills of Kansas and Oklahoma could trigger elevated smoke ranges in Lincoln and Lancaster County. Popular drought circumstances in the course of the central and western U.S. have also greater the risk of wildfires.

Smoke from controlled burning and wildfires can result in well being issues, particularly for kids, older older people and those people with bronchial asthma, lung disorder, other respiratory ailments or heart sickness. Those people at danger are encouraged to check out the AQI before carrying out any strenuous functions outdoors, choose a lot of breaks and observe for symptoms such as coughing, shortness of breath, problems breathing or chest soreness.

The LLCHD displays air quality 24 hrs a working day, and the Air High-quality Index (AQI) at airnow.gov is up-to-date hourly. The Environmental Safety Agency (EPA) also gives AirNow and SmokeSense intelligent telephone programs to support individuals stay knowledgeable of the AQI in their location.

Individuals are also reading…

The air quality stages are colour-coded on the AQI chart as follows:

• AQI values below 100 (eco-friendly or yellow) are not expected to cause health issues for the huge vast majority of men and women.

• AQI values concerning 101 and 150 (orange) reveal that air good quality is harmful for sensitive individuals. People today with bronchial asthma really should observe their asthma motion plans and have quick aid drugs quickly readily available. Young children, older grownups and those people with heart or lung disease really should lower extended or hefty exertion throughout out of doors actions.

• AQI values greater than 150 (red, purple and maroon) show that air top quality is unhealthy for all individuals. Out of doors things to do really should be moved indoors or rescheduled to a time when air high-quality will be better. Children, older grownups and persons with asthma or coronary heart or lung disease need to stay away from extended or heavy exertion throughout out of doors things to do. All other individuals must lower extended or major exertion throughout out of doors functions and consider more breaks in the course of those routines.

When air good quality is harmful, those people at risk can further more secure their overall health by keeping indoors, retaining home windows and doors closed, working with a HEPA filter and using the recirculate location when making use of a car or truck air conditioner. Individuals who expertise problems respiration, coughing, strange fatigue, coronary heart palpitations, tightness in the upper body or angina should really make contact with a healthcare care provider.

For extra data on LLCHD, visit lincoln.ne.gov/health.

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As Politics Infects Public Well being, Non-public Providers Gain

For some counties and cities that share a public health agency with other community governments, variations around mask mandates, business enterprise constraints, and other covid preventive measures have strained people partnerships. At the very least two have been pushed previous the breaking stage.

A county in Colorado and a small metropolis in Southern California are splitting from their longtime general public overall health businesses to set up their own regional departments. Both equally Douglas County, Colorado, and West Covina, California, prepare to agreement some of their health and fitness solutions to private entities.

In Douglas County, Colorado, which is just south of Denver and has a single of the nation’s maximum median household incomes, many citizens had opposed mask mandate assistance from the Tri-County Wellbeing Division, a partnership among Adams, Arapahoe, and Douglas counties. Tri-County issued a mask get for the counties’ university districts in September 2021 and, inside days, conservative Douglas County declared its commissioners experienced voted unanimously to kind its individual overall health office.

Douglas County, which in 1966 joined what was then identified as the Tri-County District Health and fitness Department, is phasing out of the partnership, with strategies to exit entirely by the stop of this yr. It has currently taken over several of its own covid reduction initiatives from Tri-County.

It is contracting matters like covid situation investigation, make contact with tracing, and isolation and quarantine steerage to a private guide, Jogan Health and fitness Remedies, launched in early 2021. The agreement is reportedly value $1.5 million.

“We believe that the best issues are guiding us … individuals associated with staying just one of 3 counties with differing and competing community well being requires, on a restricted budget,” Douglas County spokesperson Wendy Manitta Holmes reported in a assertion.

Daniel Dietrich, Jogan Health’s president, declined a ask for for an job interview. “All of the info that Jogan Health is collecting is remaining relayed right to Douglas County so that general public policy aligns with true-time details to keep the people of Douglas County safe,” Jogan Well being spokesperson Sam Shaheen mentioned in a geared up statement.

A equivalent predicament is playing out east of Los Angeles, in West Covina, California. Its Town Council has voted to terminate its connection with the Los Angeles County Office of General public Overall health in excess of disagreements about covid shutdowns.

West Covina officers have criticized the county well being department’s covid restrictions as a one-dimensions-suits-all tactic that might function for the next-largest metropolis in the U.S., but not their suburb of about 109,500 people. West Covina strategies to sign up for Prolonged Beach, Pasadena, and Berkeley as one of a little number of California cities with its own overall health company. A date for the separation has not been established.

As in Douglas County, West Covina strategies to agreement some providers to a personal expert, Transtech Engineers, that works generally on city engineering projects and federal contracts, according to its site. Transtech officials

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